Department of History of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Help Archaeological Museum of History of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Help Archaeological Museum of History of the Republic of Kazakhstan

The museum was established on the basis of the archaeological site of the West Kazakhstan State University. M. Utemisov (Ural Pedagogical Institute) for twenty years from 1967-1987, and since the creation of the Department of History of the Republic of Kazakhstan from 1991 to the present day is supplemented by archaeological artifacts found during archaeological research with the participation of teachers and students.

At the moment, the Archaeological Museum has a unique and rich collection of archaeological artifacts unearthed in archaeological units ZKGU (UPI) under the supervision of leading scientists of our region G.A.Kushaeva archaeologists, B.F.Zhelezchikova, V.A.Krigera. The exposition consists of materials from 300 burial mounds and monuments from different time frame of West Kazakhstan region, excavated history students during the period of their practice of archeology.

In the collection are unique finds such as Volodarsky phalars - decorations Early Iron Age harness made of silver on the story of the ancient Greek myth, found in 1981 on the right bank of the middle reaches of the river Zhaiyk (Urals), the territory Zelenovsky area. The expositions of the museum are abundantly represented artefacts of the Bronze and Early Iron Ages: bone tools, ornaments - made in animal style, weapons, various ceramics. There is a fragment of grave structures - kulpytasy, bricks, dating back to the Middle Ages and more, enabling a more reliable picture of the ancient history of our region. Archaeological materials in particular are presented here are by far the main source for the study of historical and cultural heritage of our region.

The museum's displays are used as visual aids for training in such subjects as "archeology", "Methodology of archaeological research," "Practical and experimental archeology." On the basis of artifacts, as well as albums by students preparing term papers and dissertations on the archeology of our region, in addition to the exposure of the Archaeological Museum of the students preparing articles in scientific and practical conferences, both national and international scale. In 2012 in Saratov (Russian Federation), 3rd year student of the specialty "5V011400 - History" Esniyazova A. took the 3rd place in the 55th International Scientific Conference of students and young scientists "New Age man, society and history through the eyes of young ".

           The University has a cooperation agreement with the "Center of History and Archaeology of the WKO." The last field seasons, students take part in archaeological excavations in the medieval fort Zhaiyk, together with the staff of the aforementioned organizations. It is planned to student participation in archaeological research on the monuments located on the territory of Astrakhan and Volgograd regions of the Russian Federation, also in Mangistau, Aktobe, Atyrau regions of Kazakhstan. To this end, negotiations are underway with universities of and research organizations of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan.

        The Museum is open for visiting students, school tours, history teachers, scientific conferences and circles.

Name: branch museum ZKGU them. M. Utemisov

Location: building number 3, kab.405

Year: 2003

Purpose: the preservation, study and use in scientific purposes of historical and cultural

                                     

Heritage archaeological expedition ZKGU

Types of items: jewelry, weapons, items, horse sledding, pottery, tools etc.

Chronological accessory exhibits: Paleolithic,

Neolithic, Mesolithic, Bronze Age, Early Iron

Age, the Middle Ages.

Material: ceramics, bronze, iron, bone, stone.

Finding the device: scientific reports  archaeological expeditions, photography, monograph scientists ZKGU, inventory items.

Lists of documents in the form of an album with photos, stored in the Museum of Archaeology ZKGU im.M.Utemisova

1 album in the course of excavations in 1975, № 1 (1)

2. Album during excavations in 1975, № 1 (2)

3. Album during excavations in 1975, № 2 (1)

4. album during excavations in 1975, № 2 (2)

5. The album during excavations in 1975, № 3 (1)

6. The album during excavations in 1975, № 3 (2)

7. Album during excavations in 1977, № 1

8. The album during excavations in 1977, № 2

9. The album is number 1 to the report B.F.Zhelezchikova, V.A.Krigera "Archaeological work in the Ural Region" in 1979, № 1

10. Album of photographs of excavations in 1979 UPI

11. Album of photographs of excavations and archaeological finds of 1978, 1979, 1980.

12. Album to report M.G.Moshkovoy, B.F.Zhelezchikova, V.A.Krigera "Archaeological work in the Ural Region" in 1980.

13. Album pictures excavation UPI in 1984. "Sleigh Bells" and "Shaitan-Oba"

14. Album number 1 pictures burial "cross" in 1988

15. Album number 2 photos burial "cross" in 1988

16. Album number 3 photos burial "cross" in 1988

17. Album during excavations in 1982 on r.Solyanka.

18. Album during excavations in 1983

19. Album during excavations in 1989 in the valley r.Chagan.

20. The album is number 1 in the course of excavations in 1991

21. Album sketches Lebedevka.

22. Drawing of the burial of things: the alabaster-I, Shalkar - II, III, IV, V.

                                                                     Barbastau - I, II, III, IV, V.

23. Sketches 1977-1980. (78 sheets).

24. Photos from the excavation of the ancient city Zhaiyk

Explanation of artifacts in exhibitions:

Stand number 1.

 Flint tools of the Stone Age (Mesolithic) refers to vkladyshevoy stone processing technology.

           The altar - the Bronze Age, is at the base of four legs. Made of stone it has a characteristic circular shape.

Stand number 2.

Greek amphora. Found in a Sarmatian burial, the structure of performance is amphora produced in Greek cities - Polis Northern Black Sea coast, is made of ceramics.

Stand number 3.

Pottery Saka-Sarmatian era, presented in the form of fragments of vessels. This ceramic has a geometric pattern that is characteristic of Saka-Sarmatian period. At this stand also presents fragments of the altar, incense, grindstones, mortars.

Stand №4

Upper exposition presented beads are made of natural materials Neck ornaments of the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. Following established horse ornaments - phalars, which depicts riders on winged horses during the hunt for lions, these decorations belong to the period of the early Iron Age. At 3 - 4 m row stand exposed armaments Early Iron Age found on the monument in the mound Shalkar 3 №12. The exposition shows the bronze arrowheads of various configurations, iron Scythian sword - akinak tipped ax, a whetstone.

Stand number 5.

Fragments of glazed ceramics found on the site Zhaiyk. Having a picture in the form of frescoes. Below is the harness of the Middle Ages, where we can see the stirrup, horseshoe Psalm bronze with remnants of leather leash and iron snaffle (gnawed).

Stand number 6.

Birch bark quiver refers to the medieval era. It used to store the arrows.

The following articles of iron, especially leaf-shaped arrowheads, hooks, pieces of horse reins.

Stand number 7.

The top row is represented almost entirely preserved bark quiver. Here ceramic Chigir - a vessel for carrying water.

Stand №8.

A large bronze cauldron with handles on the degree of preservation refers to the Bronze Age.

Stand number 9.

           Mammoth tusk. It has a small size for the animal extinct about 10 thousand. BC, is the ancestor of modern elephants.

Stand number 10.

At this booth presented the Golden bricks used for the construction of various administrative, farm buildings and premises, as well as a fragment kulpytasy where we can see fragments of the Arabic script (Arabic writing).

Stand number 11.

Pitcher flat with a handle for storage and use of water. Made of ceramic.

Below is a flat-bottomed ceramic vessel, in front of which there is a hole for the water of the watercourse, and the back of the place you will notice a broken handle.

The third row is a pot for eating.

In the fourth row are the largest flat-bottomed ceramic vessel.

Stand number 12.

Pitcher gray-clay, made on a potter's wheel with a pen holder and a round neck, a flat bottom.

The potter's vessel - ceramic, flat-bottomed.

Vessels - ceramic with a round neck with a flat bottom (Shalkar 3).

The vessel - seroglinisty, flat with round neck (Torch 1989. K-17).

Stand number 13.

Black clay vessel in the shape of Krynki with exaggerated bottom, round neck and a flat bottom.

Vessel-rounded, egg-shaped with geometric designs, extending along the body vessel.

The vessel is a manual molding with biconical torso, sealed bottom with a straight neck.

Stand number 14.

The vessel - a manual molding black with exaggerated torso, small neck with a small handle, flat.

The vessel - ceramic, hand-molding, flat-bottomed.

The vessel - ceramic, hand modeling, black, flat, wide neck in the form of a cover.

Censer - ceramic, round bottom, gray clay.

The vessel - ceramic black with large exaggerated torso, with a flat bottom, wide neck.

Stand number 15.

          Pitcher - light brown with a funnel neck with a pen - holder, flat bottom with small holes in a circle (the Torch 1989 to 17).

Manual molding vessel with a flat bottom with a wide neck of medium size.

The vessel --rounded, with a handle having a molding patterns in a line (horizontal).

  Ceramic vessel - krasnoglinisty two planes narrow funnel neck. Pattern as a vertical line extending along the body of the vessel.

The vessel is hand-molding in the form of a black cap with exaggerated torso. It passes along the body pattern in the form of a circle there is a hole with a spout of water.